Komodo parkland was found within the center of the Indonesian earth, between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores. Established in 1980, at first the most purpose of the Park was to conserve the distinctive varan (Varanus Komodoensis) and its surround. However, over the years, the goals for the Park have dilated to protective its entire variety, each terrestrial and marine. In 1986, the Park was declared a World Heritage web site and a person and part Reserve by an agency, each indications of the Park's biological importance.
Komodo parkland includes 3 major islands: Komodo, Rinca and Padar, furthermore as various smaller islands making a complete extent (marine and land) of 1.817 kilometers (proposed extensions would bring the full extent up to a pair of 321 kilometer square). Furthermore as being home to the Varan, the Park provides refuge for several different notable terrestrial species like the orange-footed mound builder, a plague rat, and also the Timor ruminant. Moreover, the Park includes one in every of the richest marine environments as well as coral reefs, sea mounts, mangroves, seaweed beds and semi-enclosed bays. These habitats harbor over one,000 species of fish, some 260 species of reef-building coral, and seventy species of sponges. Dugong, sharks, manta rays, a minimum of fourteen species of whales, dolphins, and ocean turtles conjointly create Komodo park land their home.
Threats to terrestrial variety embody the increasing pressure on forest cowl and water resources because the native human population has magnified 800% over the past sixty years. Additionally, the Timor ruminant population, the popular prey supply for the vulnerable Varan, remains being stewed. harmful fishing practices like dynamite, cyanide, and mechanical device fishing severely threaten the Park's marine resources by destroying each the surround (coral reefs) and also the resource itself (fish and invertebrate stocks). this state of affairs within the Park is characterized by reduced however continued harmful fishing practices primarily by migrant fishers, and high on demersal stocks like lobsters, shellfish, groupers and napoleon percoidean. Pollution inputs, starting from raw waste to chemicals, increasing and will create a serious threat within the future.