Komodo National Park was established in 1980 and was declared a world heritage list and a person and region Reserve by United Nations agency in 1986. The park was at the start established to conserve the distinctive monitor (Varanus komodoensis), 1st discovered by the scientific world in year of 1911 by J.K.H. Van Steyn. Since then conservation goals have expanded to protective its entire diversity, each marine and terrestrial.
The majority of the individuals in and round the Park area unit fishermen originally from Bima Sumbawa island, Manggarai, South of Flores. Those from South island area unit from the Bajau Tribe or Bugis ethnic teams. The Bajau Tribe were originally mobile and moved from location to location within the region of island, archipelago and Maluku to create their livelihoods. Descendents of the initial individuals of Komodo, the Ata Modo, still board Komodo, however there are not any pure blood individuals left and their culture and language is slowly being integrated with the recent migrants.
The park includes a coastal section of western Florest, the 3 larger islands of Komodo Padar and Rinca, 26 smaller islands and therefore the encompassing waters of the Sape Straights. The islands of the park area unit of volcanic origin. The piece of ground is usually rugged, characterized by rounded the hills, with altitudes up to 735 meter. The climate is one among the driest of land with annual precipitation between 800 mm and 1000 mm. Mean daily temperatures within the season from could to Gregorian calendar month area unit around 40° Celsius.
The majority of fishermen living within the villages within the section of the Park area unit Muslims. Hajis have a powerful influence within the dynamics of community development. Fishermen hailing from South island (Bajau, Bugis) and Bima area unit largely Islam. The community from Manggarai area unit largely Christians.
There area unit many cultural sites inside the Park, significantly on Komodo Island. These sites don't seem to be well documented, however, and there area unit several queries regarding the history of human in habitancy on the island. Outside of the Park, in Warloka village on Flores, there's a Chinese outlet remnant of some interest. The archaeology finds from this web site are empty within the recent past. Most communities in and round the Park will speak Indonesian. The Bajo language is that the language used for daily communication in most communities.