Penataran Temple

Panataran Temple was found within the south west slope of mount Kelud, more or less 12 km to the north of Blitar town or in Panataran village, Ngleggok Sub district, Blitar Municipality. This temple could be a compound of ancient buildings in an exceedingly row from northwest to the east and to the southeast, occupying a vicinity of 12,946 meter square.

Panataran temple compound was re-discovered in 1815 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles (1781-1826), the general officer Governor of British colonial government in Indonesia. along side Dr. Horsfield, a biologist, Raffles has created a visit to Panataran Temple. Once Raffles’ uncovering, analyzed began to flock the world for research and recording of anthropology objects in Penataran compound. In 1867 Andre Delaware la court and J. Knebel conjointly distributed an exploration on Penataran Temple compound. The out comes were revealed in 1900 beneath a title “De ruines van Panataran”.

In Negarakertagama, Panataran temple was mentioned as Palah temple. The book tells that the King Hayam Wuruk (1350-1389 AD) of Majapahit often times visited Palah to worship Hyang Acalapati. Therefore, it became clear that Candi Palah was on purpose inbuilt a vicinity with mount Kelud as a background, as a result of the temple was meant to be a mountain worshiping shrine. Worshiping of Kelud Volcano was meant to keep at bay potential dangers and disasters the volcano would possibly bring.

Supported inscription on a stone to the south of the most building, Palah Temple was most likely designed early within the twelfth century AD by King Srengga of Kediri. Yet, Panataran Temple had continuously undergone in progress development and renovation till, or maybe once, the ruling of King Hayam Wuruk. This assumption is based in different date inscribed on variety of places during this temple, that is between 1197 and 1454 AD.