Ubud situated amongst rice paddies and steep ravines within the central foothills of the Gianyar regency. One in every of Bali's major arts and culture center, it's developed an oversize business trade. Ubud contains a population of regarding 30,000 people, however it's changing into troublesome to differentiate the city itself from the villages that surround it.
In the 8 century legend tells of a Javanese priest, Rsi Markendya, who meditated at confluence of 2 rivers (an auspicious website for Hindus) at the Ubud neighborhood of Campuan. Here he based the Gunung Lebah Temple on the vale floor, the positioning of that remains a pilgrim destination.
The city was originally necessary as a supply of healthful herbs and plants; Ubud gets its name from the Balinese word ubad (medicine). Within the late nineteenth century, Ubud became the seat of feudalistic lords who owed their allegiance to the king of Gianyar, at only once the foremost powerful of Bali's southern states. The lords were member of Sukawati's family and were vital supporters of the village's more and more noted arts scene.
Tourism on the island developed when the arrival of director Spies, associate ethnic German born in Russia who educated painting and music, and covered in dance. Spies and foreign painters Willem Hofker and Rudolf Bonnet pleased celebrities together with comedian, role player, Barbara Huton, H.G Wells, and Vicky Baum. They brought in a number of the best artists from everywhere island to show and train the Balinese in arts, serving to Ubud become the cultural center of island.
A new burst of artistic energy came in Nineteen Sixties within the wake of Dutch painter Arie Smith and development of the Young Artists Movement. There square measure several museums in Ubud, together with the depository Puri Lukisan, depository Neka and Agung Rai.